Residential Wood Fence
Why Choose Robinson Fence?
Robinson Fence is the name you can trust.
Wood : Timeless classic that provides a natural look
A common choice in residential design, wood fences provide warmth, design, and security to your home. Stainable and paintable, wood fences are versatile and are easily catered to your needs.
Eastern Red Cedar (ERC) : Fragrant and naturally beautiful, ERC is an excellent choice in wood fencing. This is the same cedar used in cedar chests and closets for its fragrance, beauty, and insect resistance. A Juniper, member of the cypress family, is a very tough and resilient cedar even in ground contact. Because of its rot resistance, we use ERC for your entire cedar fence, including the fence posts. ERC posts have proven to last for decades. Not to be confused with other cedars (Western Red Cedar, Incense Cedar, Northern White Cedar, Chinese Cedar) ERC is the superior cedar. ERC outperforms other cedars in strength and rot resistance. According to the ASTM Standards for Fence Materials and Products, ERC is highlighted as superior in decay resistance and termite resistance (11th Edition, page 25-26).
Southern Yellow Pine : Cost-effective and durable, treated pine is resistant to insects and rotting. Treated pine is a popular choice due to its strength, durability, and cost.
California Fir : A very versatile wood that has a uniform texture. It mills accurately and is known for its stability. It is widely used in construction industries due to its resistance to warping. A beautiful, light wood.
There are three primary categories of lumber used for fence construction.
- Oil based chemically preassure treated southern yellow pine
- Water based chemically preasure treated southern yellow pine
- Natural (no chemical treatments) cedar, redwood, spruce, cypress, hemlock, douglas fir
The two most commly used types of lumber in the Midwest are southern yellow pine and red cedar. The overwhelming majority of southern yellow pine used in the fence industry is treated using the water based process. The use of the oil based treatment process is minor by comparison. Eastern and western red cedar is the most commonly used natural wood with the other choices being mostly regional.
What is pressure treated wood? It is a process in which preservatives are forced deep into the cellular structure of the wood in a closed pressurized cylinder. With exceptions of naturally durable lumber like redwood and cedar, this process enables the wood to maintain a chemical barrier against termites, decay and fungi for longer periods of time.
Oil Based Treatment- (Pentachlorophenol (Penta), Copper naphthenate, and Creosote)
- Pentachlorophenol is a manufactured chemical that can be dissolved in different oils. The use of Pontachlorophenal has been restricted to certified applications and is no longer available to the general public. It is not recommended for areas where it comes into frequent contact with human hands.
- Copper naphthenate is a mixture of napthenic acids and copper salts dissolved in oil. The most commonly used oils in the treatment process are diesel fuel oils and mineral spirits. Even though human health concerns do not require copper naphthenate to be listed as an RUP (restricted use pesticide), precautions such as the use of dust masks and gloves should be used when working with wood treated with copper naphthenate.
- Creosote is made from coal tar, which is a by-product of the carbonization of the coal during steel production. Creosote treated wood has a dark brown-black color with an oily surface and strong odor.
Water Based Treatment - (ACQ, AZCA, MCQ, CC, CBA, CDDC)
- ACQ (Alkaline copper quat) contains copper and a quateranary ammonium compound. ACQ is a common water based preservative used in the fence industry. Because water based preservatives leave a dry, stainable surface they are commonly used to treat wood for residential applications such as decks and fences.
Natural (No chemical treatments) - Red cedar
- Western red cedar’s naturally occurring oils make it resistant to decay. WRC scores high in dimensional stability and resistance to cupping.
- Eastern red cedar’s naturally occurring oils makes it resistant to decay and termites. ERC scores high in dimensional stability and resistance to cupping. ERC is the only cedar listed by ASTM as termite resistant.
- ASTC F 537 (9.2.1, 9.2.2 & Table 9) shows that ERC is equal in seven categories and outperforms WRC in the other three categories based on tests for species properties.
Southern Yellow Pine
|inexpensive, longevity||warpage, cupping, shrinkage, odor|
Southern Yellow Pine
|inexpensive, longevity||warpage, cupping, shrinkage|
|CEDAR||longevity, environmentally safe, natural resistance to decay, little warpage or shrinkage, great smell||different qualities (larger knots), costs more|
Although there is no perfect lumber when exposed to nature’s elements, staining will help keep the natural look.
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